Allium geyeri S. Watson
Collected on the east bank of the Clearwater River northwest of Kamiah in Idaho Co., Idaho, on 30 May 1806
Slender perennial herb with oval bulbs, smelling strongly of onions. The flowers are usually deep pink, bell-shaped, 6 tepaled, and clustered at the tips of slender leafless stalk. It is in flower from April to May. It is hardy to higher elevations and is not frost tender. The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires moist soil. Found in low meadows and by streams in the Rocky Mountain area.
The tender young leaves have been used raw in sandwiches and salads or cooked with the bulbs. Of the onions were steamed with camas bulbs. The sweet cooked bulbs were usually eaten immediately, but they could also be dried, singly or in cakes, for future use.
The onion is reported to have anti-bacterial and anti-viral, and anti-fungal qualities and they have been used for many years in the treatment of cuts, burns, insect bits, and stings. The bulbs have traditionally been used to relieve indigestion, gas, and vomiting. They were also dried and ground to use as snuff for opening sinuses.
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