Rosa nutkana Presl
Located June 10, 1806 on the Kooskooskee.
The nootka rose is a native, deciduous, perennial shrub 2 to 8 feet tall with erect or trailing stems.
Nootka rose reaches its maximum
height within 10 years. Compound leaves consist of three to seven, toothed
leaflets. The blooms are
about 2 to 3 inches across, a soft lilac pink, usually borne singly or
in pairs at the tips of branches, and individually
short-lived. There are many blooms produced in panicles of many flowers over a
few weeks. Stems and branches are prickly to unarmed. In
the fall the shrub is covered in bright red hips, which ads another facet to its
merits. Leaves are
compound and have five to seven leaflets. Fruits are large, ½ - ¾ inch
across and round; when ripe, they are purplish-red and retain their sepals. Roots are deep. The
fall foliage is often very colorful, in amber and ruddy hues. Nootka rose flowers from May through
July. Fruits ripen in early fall and remain on the plant through winter.
Nootka rose reaches its maximum
height within 10 years. The nootka rose is commonly
found in moderately dry to moist climates in sub-mountain to mountain zones. It
occurs on nitrogen-rich, fresh to very moist soils. It thrives on moderately
fertile, well-drained clayey-loam, sandy-loam, or sandy soils.
Fruit - raw or cooked. The taste is best after a frost..
Juicy, pleasantly acid and a good source of vitamin C. The fruit can be dried,
powdered and added to tea as a flavorings or used in its own right as a fruity-flavored
tea. The fruit is about 20mm in diameter, but there is only a thin layer of
flesh surrounding the many seeds. Some care has to be taken when eating this
fruit, see the notes above on known hazards. Petals - raw. The petals are
pleasantly aromatic, but you need to remove the bitter white base.Young shoots -
raw or cooked. Peeled and eaten in spring when they are still tender. The seed
is a good source of vitamin E, it can be ground and mixed with flour or added to
other foods as a supplement. Be sure to remove the seed hairs. The peeled stems are used to make a beverage. The leaves are used to make a tea.
An infusion of the roots and sprouts has been used as an eyewash for sore
eyes. A decoction of the roots has been used by women after giving birth and
also in the treatment of sore throats. A decoction of the bark has been taken to
ease the labor pains of childbirth[. A poultice of the chewed leaves has been
used to alleviate the pain of bee stings. A decoction of the branches, combined
with chokecherry (Prunus virginiana) and red willow (Salix bonplandiana), has
been used in the treatment of various women's complaints, diarrhea and vomiting.
The leaves have been placed in shoes as a protection from athletes foot.
The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and
minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bioactive
compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is
fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable
of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing
the growth of cancers. (Source)
Value for Animals:
Nootka rose is important wildlife browse. Mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk,
moose, caribou, bighorn sheep, bears, coyotes, and various rodents eat the
fruits. Squirrels, mice, beavers, and porcupines eat the twigs and leaves.
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