Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.
Western Mugwort is a perennial from underground stems that root from the nodes). This aromatic plant may be over 3 feet tall.. Stems and leaves are usually white from the presence of fine hairs. The lance-shaped leaves are mostly about 1-3 inches long and irregularly toothed. Hundreds of tiny yellowish flower heads form on the upper branches. Fruits are tiny with no bristles. It blooms after mid-July on native prairie. It grows in dry open places and is widespread throughout the Central and Western States. It is found on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation in Southeastern Idaho.
White sage is used by American Indians as a medicine for bruises, children's ailments, common cold, cough, eye ailments, gastro-intestinal disturbances, gunshot wounds, itch, morning sickness, nerves, orthopedic ailments, poison ivy, pulmonary ailments, respiratory ailments, skin ailments, sore, stomach ache, throat ailments, tuberculosis, venereal ailments, women's ailments, and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. The leaves were, dried, and crushed and used as snuff to for congestion and headaches. The leaves could, also, be chewed or powdered and applied to cuts, sores, and blisters.
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